Burning to death of a congregation of Mackenzies by Glengarry Macdonalds
at Kilchrist. TC Smout, A History of the Scottish People 1560-1830,
Ambushing of a band of Colquhouns by Macgregors at Glenfruin which
included the slaughter of a number of lowland students who had come
along with the Colquhouns to see the "fun". TC Smout, A History
of the Scottish People 1560-1830, pages 103.
James I of England and VI of Scotland came to the English throne
upon the death of Elizabeth. He had already reigned in Scotland
as James VI and, indeed had inherited the Scottish throne as an
infant aged two in 1567, when his mother, Mary Queen of Scots fled
to England. (She was at first given refuge, but became the focus
of Catholics wishing to see her on the throne instead of Elizabeth.
This led to her execution in 1587.) The Protestant James I was to
rule England and Scotland until 1625, when he was succeeded by his
son Charles I. Zierer/Mountfield History of England p70.
Virginia founded by Royal Charter. A New History of Great Britain,
RB Mowat, page 402.
Between 1608 and 1611 the North East of Ireland (Ulster), where
much land was vacant owing to the long rebellions, was resettled,
chiefly with Presbyterians from Scotland. This made it a home of
industry, enterprise and loyalty to the British Crown, although
it also emphasised to a lesser degree the division between Catholic
and Protestant. It must be noted that although the Irish in Elizabeth's
time had felt the influence of the Reformation, they had subsequently
been reconverted to Catholicism by Jesuits. A New History of
Great Britain, RB Mowat, page 357.
Statutes of Iona obtained submission from Clanranald to offer obedience
to the King and to be answerable for his land. Subsequently, Clanranald
(Donald) sought and obtained from the King a charter, registered
in Edinburgh, containing the title to his lands. This was confirmation
of the charter held by his grandfather, John of Moidart more than
eighty years previously. Castle Tioram, Christine Aikman, page
Pope Gregory XV set up "Propaganda Fide" as a mission strategy,
not only for the non-Christian world of the Orient and the Americas
but also in the Protestant countries like Scotland
the key role was assigned to an individual missionary priest, trained
in Tridentine theology and working directly under the control of
the papacy. . Most crucial to the maintenance of a Catholic presence
in the Highlands and Islands were the endeavours of the Irish Franciscans.,
who operated out of Antrim and received funding from the Propaganda
from 1622. Eighteenth Century Scotland, New Perspectives, TM
Devine and JR Young, page 93, Essay by James F McMillan
Mayflower landed at Cape Cod Massachusetts with the Pilgrim Fathers.
A New History of Great Britain, RB Mowat, page 310.
James I died and was succeeded by his son Charles I, who reigned
(unhappily) for nearly 25 years until 1649. Zierer/Mountfield
History of England p70.